Genocide is as old as human society. It is older than the bible, each testament rife with mass vengeance, human and divine. But few centuries have been shaped as profoundly by genocide and its consequences as the twentieth.

Therefore it is no accident that the word itself, genocide, was coined in the middle of the twentieth century – in 1943, 75 years ago this month. For over forty years, I have travelled Europe and the Middle East, meeting witnesses, survivors and perpetrators of 20th century genocides and mass killings. Now these pages, launched in the winter of 2018, will grow as a record of some of these meetings and encounters.

Testimony is at the heart of this work. Without evidence, denial thrives. Denial is the great companion of genocide, and the greatest deniers are governments, who are also the greatest perpetrators of genocide.

But genocide aims to destroy its own evidence, as well as lives.  So when no clear testimony is possible, we have to keep asking the questions. As long as we ask questions, there is a hope of finding answers.

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Peoples, nations, states and genocides

Peoples, nations, states and genocides

This discussion on genocide in the age of the nation state was first published in Planet, the Welsh Internationalist in March 2015. It is just as relevant today. This year’s centenary of the Armenian Genocide, and seventieth anniversary of liberation of the Nazi death...

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Christians and Israel

Christians and Israel

"Outspoken and memorable" In February 2017, Rebecca Ruth Gould, a lecturer at Bristol University was condemned for 'one of the worst cases of holocaust denial' by a former Conservative MP, Eric Pickles. When he left the Commons for the Lords, Theresa May appointed...

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Two histories of mass violence collide: The Holocaust and the Palestinian Nakba.

Yad Vashem is Israel’s Holocaust memorial museum. New army recruits complete their training, touring the dark underground galleries which chronicle the traumas of Europe’s Holocaust, climbing steadily to this highpoint: a sunlit platform to view Jerusalem Forest and the land of Israel, which these new soldiers are to defend.

The soldiers see the woods, but they don’t see beneath these trees the ruins of the Palestinian village of Deir Yassin, where a 1948 massacre by Jewish forces triggered mass Palestinian panic and flight.

Yad Vashem once sacked a museum guide who mentioned that.

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In Keys: A Troubled Inheritance, Mike Joseph investigates a history of genocide and ethnic cleansing in one family – his own. Dramatised in this audio documentary series, through the testimony and voices of two centuries. New episodes released weekly from 6 September 2023. Available on all podcast platforms.